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Those infections that are communicated through sexual contact with an infected partner are known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Some, such as HIV/AIDS, can also be transmitted in other ways. STIs are infectious and one can get them through oral, anal or vaginal sex with an infected partner. Also, an individual can become infected with more than one STI at a time. STIs may result in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) are infections of the genital tract, which affect both men and women. RTI is a general term including sexually transmitted infections, infections caused by an overgrowth of organisms normally present in the genital tract, and iatrogenic infections acquired during improperly performed medical procedures. Thus some RTIs (such as Syphilis and Gonorrhoea) are sexually transmitted, but many are not.